Other than emulation platforms like SIMICS or 32-bit IOT Quark, which are all open source, the rest of the platforms are based upon variants of the Intel Firmware Support Package (FSP) https://github.com/intel/fsp
I described the value of open source for security assurance in another venue https://www.intel.com/content/dam/develop/external/us/en/documents/stts003-sf15-stts003-100f-820238.pdf
including the Baytrail-based MinnowBoard and Quark
The challenge at the time was how to structure the code. We used Quark, since it was fully open, to model some of the software practices https://github.com/tianocore-docs/Docs/raw/master/White_Papers/A_Tour_Beyond_BIOS_Open_Source_IA_Firmware_Platform_Design_Guide_in_EFI_Developer_Kit_II.pdf
At this point we only had Atom-based Minnow in the open. During this time we worked w/ the business units to get permission to open up a big core based platform code, namely Kaby Lake, and a Xeon big core server, namely Purley. The work is described in https://github.com/tianocore/edk2-platforms/blob/devel-MinPlatform/Platform/Intel/MinPlatformPkg/Docs/A_Tour_Beyond_BIOS_Open_Source_IA_Firmware_Platform_Design_Guide_in_EFI_Developer_Kit_II%20-%20V2.pdf
https://www.intel.com/content/dam/develop/external/us/en/documents/uefi-firmware-enabling-guide-for-the-intel-atom-processor-e3900-series-820238.pdf in 2018
Just as we explicated security best practices in https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-4842-6106-4, we did describe some of this platform work that is now embodied as the 'min platform architecture' (MPA) https://github.com/tianocore/tianocore.github.io/wiki/Minimum-Platform-Architecture--MinPlatform.
With the evolution of a min-tree and min platform
Mentioning MPA doesn't mean that there are not other open opportunities beyond EDKII. There is https://github.com/slimbootloader/slimbootloader/tree/master/Platform
You can find info in https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-4842-7939-7 https://github.com/Apress/System-Firmware
for slim bootloader
and coreboot, respectively.
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